The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child was adopted by the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1990 (currently the African Union) and was entered into force in 1999. Similar to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Children's Charter is a comprehensive instrument that sets out rights and defines universal principles and norms for the status of children. The ACRWC and the CRC are the only international and regional human rights treaties that cover the whole spectrum of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
The charter demanded for the creation of an African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child – ACERWC (Committee of Experts). The state parties are required to submit reports to ACERWC periodically describing progress made in the implementation of the ACRWC within their jurisdiction. The reporting procedure is a significant process, in that it provides a practical discourse between the state party and an independent group of experts to monitor in a constructive manner the overall compliance with the ACRWC obligations. In addition, the reporting process is a very useful means for CSOs to hold accountable State Parties on their obligation to children and the committee itself encourage the participation of CSOs in monitoring the implementation. Of most importance, children participation in the reporting process has increasingly been encouraged by the committee and children can do this either through an adult led CSO that participate in reporting or through their child led organization.
TCRF therefore want to continue leading the preparation of the CSO alternative report to the African Committee of Expert on the Rights and Welfare of the Child (ACERWC). This current alternative report is a follow up to the Consolidated 2nd, 3rd and 4th Reports on The Implementation of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child by the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania submitted in October 2015 as directed by the Committee in its previous Concluding Observations. The alternative report will invest heavily on the concluding observations from previous reports and from the recent UNCRC Committee and use them as the basis for the report in order to inform the Committee about progress made in the areas already highlighted by the Committee and whether or not progress has been sufficient. The alternative report intends to inform the Committee on the positive and negative changes in key areas since the last report and identify and highlight new areas of concern. The Forum has already coordinated preparation and submission of the Alternative Report to the 3rd, 4th and 5th State Party Report to the UNCRC in 2014.